Textile Dyes » Dyes for Protein Fibers
Before going into details about the different kinds of dyes that are used for dyeing the Protein fibers, we should understand the following points in brief. What are Protein fibers, the answer to this is that all those fibers those are obtained from animals are known as Protein fibers.
Proteins fibers are made out of different combinations of twenty different essential amino acids. Composition of these fibers are more complex then the cellulose fibers which are made out of in repeating order unit forms of sugar, glucose, and this is the reason why more chemical dyes can be attached to them.
Protein fibers can be successfully dyed with unsweetened soft-drink mixes such as Kool-Aid or Flavor-Aid. This is an easy and foolproof process and with this process color and light fast dyed fibers can be manufactured.
Both non-spun fibers and spun yarn can be dyed along with white colored fibers. Other colored fibers like natural gray also produce wonderful result after dyeing. Dyeing result of white color fibers comes in intense colors while for gray fibers died with Kool-Aid will produce intense, rich and heathery results. Some alertness should be maintained at the time of dyeing superwash wool because it absorbs the colors more quickly than the non-superwash wool and the color will seem more brilliant than the non-superwash brethren.
The following dyes are the commonly used dyes for dyeing protein fibers and also non-fibrous protein products:
For dyeing protein fibers, Acid Dyes are used. It is used mainly for wool, angora, cashmere, and silk. It is also used for milk protein fibers i.e Silk Latte, Soy protein fibers i.e Soy Silk etc.
Natural Dyes are often considered not very safe as well as not very ecological friendly. Natural Dyes are also less permanent, difficult to apply, easily washed out and usually consist highly toxic mordants.
Vat Dye is a kind of Natural dyes. It is a mordant dyes and it required others assistive substances for attaching to the fibers.
What types of fibers can be dyed with Rit Dyes? The answer is that almost all textile fabrics, many plastic and nylon fabric, material including golf balls and fabric from plush can be dyed with Rit Dyes.
Rit Dyes are recommended for: